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The Kola Peninsula is inhabited a long time ago. Near the Lovosero and Drozdovka were found the settlements of 5 000-7 000 years old. The written history started only in XV century, but first building from stone — the church at Kola, was constructed only in the end of XVIII century and real development began at Soviet era.
At the end of XVIII century Kola Peninsula belonged to Arkhangelsk province and the governor Alexander de Traverse thought the Kola Peninsula is not suitable for living. On the petition of  Vologda and Vyatka merchants, wanted establish the Polar Company for whales hunting and fishing he wrote (literally): “on Kola Peninsula can live only two roosters and three chickens”.