History

British Cemetery

March 6, 1918 in Murmansk landed British troops. The soldier died in the fighting and in the No 86 General Hospital, were buried at the cemetery located on the hillside almost in the middle of the Murmansk. And till the nowadays remained an obelisk in memory of the fallen soldiers, but the cemetery was moved at another place. Murmansk New British Cemetery was opened in 1930th at the outskirts of Murmansk and was forgotten by the government and citizen of Murmansk, but in august 1991 the cemetery was turned into a memorial. The address of British Cemetery: Rogozerskaya street 14

Fishing hut

On the American military maps marked objects called “cabin”. It’s a fishing hut on Russian — tonyá (with an accent on a last syllable). The tonya is a shelter and temporary home for a fisherman and usually has a cellar and icehouse. The tonyas can be found on the coast of the White and Barents seas and on the banks of the rivers. Some of them are used despite its solid age. Some of them are abandoned and looking like on the photo:

Petroglyphs at lake Kanozero

Since the discovery of rock karvings in 1997, the members of the Kola Archaeological Expedition at the Russian Aсademy of Sciences have worked persistently summer after summer documenting the rock art (petroglyphs) at lake Kanozero. The Kanozero sites are one of the largest congregations of petroglyphs in northern most Europe with its own characteristic profile and identity. There is no other congregation of sites/panels like it, even though individual figures are recognized to be morphologically similar and topics overlap. No doubt there were contacts and exchange of ideas with populations to the south, east and wеst, but the signature of Kanozero is different from any of the other major groups of sites in northern most Europe, such as in the river Vyg and Lake Onega in the republic of Karelia in Russia, Namforsen waterfall in northern Sweden and Alta in northern Norway. The Kanozero petroglyphs are an important addition to our knowledge not only about the distribution of rock art among the fisher, hunter, gather populations in northern most Europe, but also about rock art assigns and symbols in profane and sacred rituals and in daily life when communicating with other people and “other than humans”. As such the art is important to understand beliefs and rituals of the people who lived on the Kola Peninsula 4000-6000/7000 years ago. First rock carvings of Lake Kanozero (in the group designated now as Kamennyi-1) were discovered in 1997 by Yuri Ivanov from the Local Lore Museum of Revda. By 2011 over 1200 depictions in 18 groups distributed among three islands (Gorelyi, Elovyi, Kamennyi) and one single-standing rock (Odinokaya) had been discovered.

Polar Bear Expedition

In 1918, at the end of World War I, the United States sent two intervention forces to Russia. The 339th Infantry and supporting units were sent to European Russia, the region surrounding the cities of Archangel (Arkhangel’sk) and Murmansk near the Arctic Circle, initially to protect supplies and help reopen the Eastern Front against Germany. The 27th and 31st Infantry were sent to the Vladivostok region of Siberia, to assist Czechoslovak military units trying to make their way out of Russia to the Western Front. These two forces became part of broader efforts by the Allies and others to oppose the Bolshevik revolutionaries who had taken power in Russia. Separated by thousands of miles, the two forces did not interact with each other. The 31st and 339th Regiments have both taken the name Polar Bears, and both use the polar bear in their regimental crests, but it is the intervention in European Russia that has come to be nicknamed the "Polar Bear Expedition." The 339th Infantry and supporting units were made up mainly of draftees from Michigan and Wisconsin.

Super deep well

The drilling work at Kola super deep well started at 1970 and during 25 years was drilled 12 262 m or 7.62 miles. The Soviet Scientists have created different drilling projects — on the Caucasus or on the Caspian Sea, but driller N.Timofeev proved The Kola Peninsula is the best place for drilling. The main reason — the well will be located on the Baltic Shield and will give more serious and important material for research. Extracted core will contained the History of Earth during 3 billion years. On the well, located near the town Zapolyarny, were working 16 research laboratories with the size like a medium sized plant, but to get a job at the well was very hard deal: 100 candidates at 1 vacancy, and lucky workers got the salary like 2-3 professors at Moscow. Timofeev was right — mined core refuted all previous theory. Theorists said the temperature in the bowels of Baltic shield will no more then 1 200˚ C till 15 km deep and will be possible to drill till 20 km or almost till the mantle. But on the 5 km the temperature up to 700˚ C, on 7 km up to 1 200˚C, and on the deep of 12 km — up more than 2 200˚C. Also was broken the theory of layered structure of Earth. The granites were found 3 km deeper than told theorists, basalts were not found at all. And the Earth became habitat at 1,5 billions years earlier. 14 types of petrified organisms were found on the deep with the age of 2,8 billions years. More deep was found methane in the big amount that broke the theory of biological origin of oil and gas. Lunar soil delivered to Earth by Soviet Lunar rover is similar to the core from 3 km deep. On the deep more than 9 500 km was found the gold with containing of 78 g at a ton with profitability for mining — 34g at the ton. Nowadays all works at the well are stopped.
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