Rivers R-Z

On the Kola Peninsula are more than 100 000 rivers and creeks, many of them are unnamed.



Tuloma — a river at the North of Kola Peninsula. Tulom’ — on the ancient Pomor language mean the dam or rapid. The length is 64 km; the catchment area — 21 500sq. km. The source is lake Notozero; the estuary — Kola gulf near Murmashi. The tributaries: Pecha, Shovna, Ulita, Kozha, Gemyaha, Pak, Sholgoch, Medvezh’ya, Krotovaya. On the 16th km from the source was located ancient saami’s settlement. In 1937 on the last rapid had been constructed a hydro power plant and the town Murmashi, in 1961 — near the source — second hydro power plant.

Varzuga (river)

Varzuga — a river at the South coast of Kola Peninsula. The name of Varzuga may to translate from ancient Russian as “Hectic way” and its right for second part of river, or like “soiled way” and its right for full stream starting in the marshes and having the slightly brown color of water. The length is 264 km; the catchment area — 9 840 sq.km. The source is the marshes in the center of the Kola Peninsula; the estuary — the White sea. First 90 km the river is called “Malaya Varzuga” (small Varzuga) and is slowly streams (0.2-0,3 m/c) by the marshes, but before the estuary of Fomkin creek, after the 6-meter high waterfall the stream is becoming faster (0.5 m/c), rocky and rapidshare. The second half of the river (from 130 km) is full of rapids and become calm only near the village Varzuga and before the estuary near village Kuzomen’. The river is suitable for kayaking, but requires the high skill and experience.

Venzin creek

The creek got his name after Simon Venzin — one of builders of Piotr and Pavel monastery on Kola (constructed in XVI century). About Venzin wrote one Dutch merchant — Simon vann Salingen visited Kola this time. The source of creek is lake Nizhniy Venzin (112.5 m above the sea level), the estuary — Kola gulf. The length is 4 400 m. Venzin creek looks like a stony stair, drops at 25 meters on each kilometer. Along the creek paved the touristic route, around 12-14 km long, taking 1-2 days with overnight stay near the Nizhnee Venzin lake.