Khibiny

Khibiny or Umptek (saam. closed mountains) — the mountains massif covering 1 300 km2, is the highest on the Kola Peninsula — relative elevation of 900–1000 m above the surrounding plain. The highest peaks are Yudychvumchorr (saam. ridge near buzzing valley) standing 1 201 m (3940 ft) and Chasnachorr (saam. woodpecker ridge) 1 191 m (3 907 ft).

The Khibiny is a remains of the ancient volcano, thereby the massif has a form of a horseshoe with a lake in middle. The peaks of Khibiny are of plateau type with steep slopes, a glacier, icefields and snowfields. The overall terrain is alpine tundra.

In 1920th in the Khibiny began the mining and exploration work in the course of which were discovered to the Khibiny are extremely rich in minerals, mainly apatite and nepheline ores. 477 valid minerals have been reported and 108 of those are type localities or minerals first described in the Khibiny.

At the foot of the mountain located two town: Apatity and Kirovsk — main tourist center of Kola Peninsula with the ski resort and many trekking route.

The map of ski resort in Kirovsk

Chacnachorr

Chacnachorr — the mountain in the Khibiny Tundras. The name is mean — the woodpecker mount (saam) The hight of mount — 1 189.6 m/3 902 ft (on the maps) 1 240 m/4 068 ft (“Geography of Murmansk region”, 1975). On the North Slope is the pass — South Chorrgor (mountain gorge, saam.) The west slope of Mount is the source of Chasnachorryok. The mount is located in the north part of Khibiny near the valley of Kuniyok where is the hotel Kuel’porr.

Yudychvumchorr

Yudychvumchorr — the ridge near the Buzzing valley (saami: yudze — buzzing (constantly), vum — valley, chorr — ridge). It is the highest mountain peak of the Murmansk region. The height is 1,200.6 m. Yudichvumchorr is a mountain with a relatively flat top and steep slopes. On the eastern slope on the high 848.8 m is the Western Petrelius Pass (848.4 m) leading to the valley of Petrelius River and further to the valley of Kuniyok River. By the southern foothill is paved one of main Khibiny trek from rail station in the middle of mountain range. According to legend, the valley is called Buzzing because the Great Mountain Spirit of Khibiny is living at the top of mount and when he is sleeping (its continue all winter) he snores and all around are shake and buzz.